"and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky,
and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of
Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory." - Matthew 24:30
The second coming
of Christ will be an event that has multiple aspects and phases to it. Jesus will not just appear in the sky
and that is it, but there will be a multitude of specific events that will take
place in the process of this advent.
Christ, in Matthew 24:30 continues to note some of the sequencing that
will take place at this time in history.
One of the important events that will transpire will be " the sign of the
Son of Man" that will appear in the sky.
Sign of The Son of Man
Matthew 24:3 the disciples of Jesus ask Him, " Tell us, when will these things
be, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?" This passage answers the question about
the sign of Christ' s coming. So
what is that sign?
First it should
be noted that the sign and His coming are separate events. Based upon what has preceded this
verse, we know that the stage for his dramatic return begins in verse 29 with a
shaking of the sun, moon and stars.
This produces a blackout of the sky preparing the was for the appearance
of the sign of the Son of Man, followed by the response of human mourning and
fear, resulting in the second coming of Christ.
sequence of events will unfold in Jerusalem Israel. This is the location on planet earth in which these things
are scripted to unfold, even though they will have a global impact.
Third, I believe
that the sign of the Son of Man will be some form of the manifestation of the
Shechinah Glory. Arnold
Fruchtenbaum explains as follows:
As this sign is coupled
with God' s glory, it is obviously the Shechinah Glory light that will signal the Second Coming
of the Messiah. The answer to the
second question, " What will be the sign of the Second Coming?" is the Shechinah Glory.
But immediately after the tribulation of those days, there will be a total blackout with no light
penetrating at all, followed by a sudden, glorious, tremendous light that will
disperse the blackness. This Shechinah light will be the sign of the Second Coming of
the Messiah. The light will be
followed by the return of the Messiah Himself.
The Shechinah Glory
What is the
Shechinah Glory? Why do I think
this is what Christ has in mind here? The Shechinah Glory is the visible
manifestation of the presence of God, often showing up in the form of a cloud,
light, fire, or combinations of these.
The Hebrew word Shechinah does not appear the biblical text. The Jewish rabbis coined this
extra-biblical expression called the " Shechinah Glory," in order to distinguish
those biblical passages where they believe that a physical glory cloud or light
was present when the Hebrew word for " glory" was used. Shechinah is a form of a Hebrew word
that literally means " he caused to dwell," signifying that when God' s glory
appeared in this way it was a Divine visitation of the presence or dwelling of
God in the glory cloud.
Fruchtenbaum tells us that " the Shechinah Glory is the visible manifestation of the
presence of God. In the Old
Testament, most of these visible manifestations took the form of light, fire,
or cloud, or a combination of these.
A new form appears in the New Testament: the Incarnate Word."  In order to see the significance of the
Shechinah Glory for future Bible prophecy, a survey of past appearances are
events are believed to be manifestations of the Shechinah Glory in history:
• The Garden of Eden- the
Lord' s presence in the Garden and the flaming sword (Gen. 3:8, 23-24).
• The Abrahamic Covenant- the flaming torch that
passed between the sacrificial pieces (Gen. 15:12-18).
Burning Bush- the burning that did not consume the bush (Ex. 3:1-5; 13:21-22;
14:19-20, 24; 16:6-12).
Exodus- the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night (Exodus).
Sinai- the Ten Commandments written by the finger of God; thunders, lightnings,
and a thick cloud (Ex. 19:16-20; 24:15-18 Deut. 5:22-27).
Special Meeting with Moses- the afterglow of Moses' face as a result of his
meeting with the Lord (Ex. 33:17-23; 34:5-9, 29-35; 29:42-46; 40:34-38).).
Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant- the glory-cloud presence often
associated with these items (Exodus).
Book of Leviticus- the authentication of the Law and residence in the holy of
holies (Lev. 9).
Book of Numbers- the Shechinah Glory rendered judgment for sin and disobedience
(Num. 13:30- 14:45; 16:1-50; 20:5-13).
Period of Joshua and Judges- the continued dwelling of the Shechinah Glory in
the tabernacle (1 Sam. 4:21-22).
Solomonic Temple- the transfer of the Shechinah Glory from the tabernacle to the
Temple (2 Chron. 5:2- 7:3).
Departure in Ezekiel- Ezekiel watches the Shechinah Glory depart the Temple in
preparation for judgment upon the nation (Ezek. 1:28; 3:12, 23; 8:3-4; 9:3;
10:4, 18-19; 11:22-23).
Second Temple- the Shechinah Glory was not present, but a promise was given that
it will be greater in the future than in the past (Hag. 2:3, 9).
Appearance to the Shepherds- the glory of the Lord shone round about them (Luke
Star of Bethlehem- the star or glory-cloud that guided the Magi to Jesus (Matt.
• Jesus: The Glory of the Lord- the incarnation
was a manifestation of the Shechinah Glory (John 1:1-14).
Transfiguration- the Shechinah Glory appears to the three disciples (Matt.
17:1-8; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36, Heb. 1:1-3; 2 Peter 1:16-18; Rev. 1:12-16).
Book of Acts- the cloven tongues of fire on Pentecost and the blinding light
shown upon Paul at his conversion (Acts 2:1-3; 9:3-8; 22:6-11; 26:13-18).
Revelation- Jesus Christ is dressed in the Shechinah Glory in Revelation 1 (Rev.
The following is
an overview of future events relating to the Shechinah Glory:
Tribulation- the Shechinah Glory is connected with the Bowl judgments (Rev.
Second Coming of Christ- the Shechinah Glory is the sign of the Son of Man and
the cloud upon which He returns (Matt. 16:27; 24:30; Mark 13:26; Luke 21:27).
Millennium- the Shechinah Glory will be present in its greatest manifestation in
history because of Christ' s physical presence on earth (Ezek. 43:1-7; 44:1-2;
Isa. 4:5-6; 11:10; 35:1-2; 40:5; 58:8-9; 60:1-3; Zech. 2:4-5; 11:10)
• The Eternal
State- the Shechinah Glory will provide light for the new creation where sin
will be totally removed and God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy
Spirit will dwell in fullness with man (Rev. 21:1-3, 10-11, 23-24).
The word order of
the Greek in verse 30 is as follows:
" And then shall appear the sign of the Son of Man in the heaven." The Greek supports the probability that
the intent of the passage is that the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the
heaven or sky. To take it as a
humanly visible sign in the sky, as I would, preterist Kenneth Gentry says,
" requires a restructuring of the text."  It does not require a restructuring, even though many who take a
futurist view do put forward translations that do not retain the original word
order. When rendering a passage
from Greek to English (or into any language), maintaining the original word
order is not as important as providing an accurate translation. Gentry inserts a red herring at this
point in his attempt to change the true intent and sense of this passage. The difference amounts to whether " in
heaven" refers to an invisible sign that takes place in the throne room of God
in heaven or does it occur as a sign in the sky that is seen by humanity. Grammarian Nigel Turner says, " Mt 24:30
ambiguous, either the sign which is the S.M. (appos.), or the sign which the S.M. will
give (possess.)." 
I believe the
context argues in favor of the futurist interpretation that the sign is visible
to the human eye in heaven, which is the sky. First, the Greek word can mean either " throne room," or the
visible heaven or sky that can be seen by the human eye, as understood by
futurists. The majority of New
Testament uses fall into this latter use. The major Greek Lexicon of our day
classifies it as the latter and says " then the sign of the Son of Man (who
is) in heaven will appear; acc.
to the context, the sign consists in this, that he appears visibly in heavenly
glory Mt. 24:30." 
surrounding verses focus upon heavenly meteorological disturbances (cf. verse
27, 29, 30b, 31) that are visible to humanity. The appearance of a sign in the sky would certainly fit the
contextual theme of a heavenly focus.
Third, " It must,
in the nature of the case, be luminous. This is indicated by
the original word for appear. But it must be luminous from this
single consideration: it will
appear, or shine, at a time of total darkness," declares Rev. Buck. " The sun will be previously turned to darkness, and the moon
and the stars will have withdrawn their shining. All the great sources of light being thus totally obscured,
whatever shall appear must be
luminous in its nature." 
Fourth, the time
relationships of the passage support a visible, and thus, a future
understanding. Matthew 24:30
begins " and then" referring back to the meteorological events of verse 29 which
will occur " immediately after the tribulation of those days." Thus, verse 30 tells us that " the sign
. . . will appear;" " and then" there will be human mourning in response to the
sign; followed by Christ' s glorious return. Amazingly, Gentry says that the sign of verse 30 means that
the Jews " must flee the area if they are to preserve their lives."  How can this happen if the sign is the
Roman conquest of Jerusalem. It
will be too late. Such folly does
not fit an a.d. 70 sequence of
events as noted by Rev. Shimeall:
Yes, reader. This is the theory of our Lord's second
coming, . . . Briefly, then, as
it respects the first branch
of this theory, its inconsistency, we submit, will become apparent, from the
following arguments and facts:
(1.) If the
coming of the Lord at the time here specified was merely " the coming of the
Roman army to destroy Jerusalem and the unbelieving Jews," then it will follow,
of necessity, that it occurred at the same time, since, in fact, it is affirmed
to be the same event.
(2.) Again. The
destruction of the Jewish Church and State, and city, and people, resulted from
the coming of the Romans, and must, of course, have been after that coming, because results must be subsequent
to the causes which produce them.
Accordingly, as our blessed Lord delivered the whole of this remarkable
prophecy with special regard to the chronological order of the events,
(3.) He describes the appearance of the " sign" of His coming, of
the mourning of all the tribes of the earth, and of His actual coming in the
clouds of heaven, as being " after the
tribulation of those days," and subsequent, in the order of time, to the
darkening of the sun, moon, and stars.
Reader, which shall we believe- the
comments and opinions of men, or the teachings of Christ?
Continued . . .)